Agathemerus (Greek: Άγαθήμεϝος) was a Greek geographer who during the Roman Greece period published a small two-part geographical work titled A Sketch of Geography in Epitome (τῆς γεωγϝαφίας ὑποτυπώσεις Ἕν Ἕπιτομῇ), addressed to his pupil Philon. The son of Orthon, Agathemerus is speculated to have lived in the 3rd century. Although much is not known about Agathemerus historically, he lived after Ptolemy, whom he often quotes, and before the formation of Constantinople on the site of Byzantium by Constantine the Great in 328 AD as he mentions only the old city Byzantium. From his speaking of Albion Ἕν ᾗ στϝατόπεδα ἵδϝυται, it has been thought that he wrote not very long after the erection of the wall of Severus. This is probably true, but the language is scarcely definite enough to establish the point.
Agathemerus's work consists chiefly of extracts from Ptolemy, Artemidorus Ephesius and other earlier writers. In his work, he gives a short account of the various forms assigned to the Earth by previous geographers. He calculated the distances between land masses and seas, and then laid down important distances on the inhabited part of the Earth using the stadiametric method.
- Mason, Charles Peter (1867), "Agathemerus", in Smith, William, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, 1, Boston, pp. 62
This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology by William Smith (1870).