|Born||September 16, 1876|
|Died||October 17, 1947 (aged 71)|
Ellsworth Huntington (September 16, 1876 – October 17, 1947) was a professor of geography at Yale University during the early 20th century, known for his studies on climatic determinism, economic growth and economic geography. He served as Presidents of the Ecological Society of America in 1917, the Association of American Geographers in 1923 and the President of the Board of Directors of the American Eugenics Society from 1934 to 1938.
He taught at Euphrates College, Turkey (1897–1901); accompanied the Pumpelly (1903) and Barrett (1905–1906) expeditions to central Asia; and wrote of his Asian experiences in Explorations in Turkestan (1905) and The Pulse of Asia (1907). He taught geography at Yale (1907–1915) and from 1917 was a research associate there, devoting his time chiefly to climatic and anthropogeographic studies.
In 1909, Huntington led The Yale Expedition to Palestine. It was his mission to determine "step by step the process by which geologic structure, topographic form, and the present and past nature of the climate have shaped man's progress, moulded his history; and thus played an incalculable part in the development of a system of thought which could scarcely have arisen under any other physical circumstances.
He was on the original standing committee of the Foundation for the Study of Cycles from 1941.
- The Climatic Factor (1914)
- Civilization and Climate (1915, rev. ed. 1924)
- Human Habitat (1927)
- Palestine and Its Transformation (1911)
- Climatic Changes with Stephen Sargent Visher (1922)
- The Red Man's Continent: A Chronicle of Aboriginal America (1919)
- World-power and Evolution (1919)
- Principles of Human Geography (with S. W. Cushing, 5th ed. 1940)
- Mainsprings of Civilization (1945)
- The Pulse of Asia: A Journey in Central Asia Illustrating the Geographic Basis of History (1907)
- Works by Ellsworth Huntington at Project Gutenberg
- The Secret of the Big Trees: Yosemite Sequoia and General Grant National Parks (1921) by Ellsworth Huntington
- Articles authored in Harper's Magazine