Orienteering is a family of sports that requires navigational skills using a map and compass to navigate from point to point in diverse and usually unfamiliar terrain. Participants are given a map, usually a specially prepared orienteering map, which they use to find control points. Originally a training exercise in land navigation for military officers, orienteering has developed many variations. Among these, the oldest and the most popular is foot orienteering, but basically any sport that involves racing against a clock and requires navigation using a map is a type of orienteering.
- Wikipedia contributors, "Orienteering", Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orienteering Accessed April 6, 2010