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TIFF (also known as Tagged Image File Format) is a file format for transferring, storing, and displaying raster images. Scanned aerial photography and maps, as well as digital satellite imagery and other geographic data, can be found in this file format.

As opposed to other image file formats that have fixed information fields for an image, TIFF allows for information fields outside of the basic image. The specifications about the file are known as "tags". Tags are considered to be the metadata for the image. Because the tags allow for custom information, the TIFF files can hold geographic data for the image. This file format could contain geocoding information.

Further Reading

National Archives (2013). Archives.gov. [1]
Wikipedia (2013). Tagged Image File Format [2]
GIS Development (2013). GISdevelopment.net. [3]
Microsoft (2013). Microsoft.com [4]

See Also