List of GIS software
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GIS software encompasses a broad range of applications, all of which involve the use of some combination of digital maps and georeferenced data. GIS software can be sorted into different categories. Below is a list of notable GIS software applications. Please update the listing of software below with respect to the different categories.
- 1 Open source software
- 2 Notable commercial or proprietary GIS software
- 3 References
Open source software
The development of open source GIS software has - in terms of software history - a long tradition with the appearance of a first system in 1978. Numerous systems are nowadays available which cover all sectors of geospatial data handling.
The following open source desktop GIS projects are reviewed in Steiniger and Bocher (2008/9):
- GRASS GIS – Originally developed by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, open source: a complete GIS
- SAGA GIS – System for Automated Geoscientific Analyses - a hybrid GIS software. SAGA has a unique Application Programming Interface (API) and a fast growing set of geoscientific methods, bundled in exchangeable Module Libraries
- Quantum GIS – QGIS is a user friendly Open Source GIS that runs on Linux, Unix, Mac OS X, and Windows
- MapWindow GIS – Free, open source GIS desktop application and programming component
- ILWIS – ILWIS (Integrated Land and Water Information System) integrates image, vector and thematic data
- gvSIG – Open source GIS written in Java
- JUMP GIS / OpenJUMP – (Open) Java Unified Mapping Platform (the desktop GIS OpenJUMP, SkyJUMP, deeJUMP and Kosmo emerged from JUMP; see )
- Kalypso (software) – Kalypso is an Open Source GIS (Java, GML3) and focuses mainly on numerical simulations in water management
- TerraView – GIS desktop that handles vector and raster data stored in a relational or geo-relational database, i.e. a frontend for TerraLib
- Whitebox GAT – Cross-platform, free and open-source GIS software
- Capaware – Capaware is also an Open Source GIS, an incredibly fast C++ 3D GIS Framework with a multiple plug-in architecture for geographic graphical analysis and visualization
Other GIS tools - classified
- Mapnik - C++/Python library for rendering - used by OpenStreetMap
- MapGuide Open Source – Web-based mapping server.
- MapServer – Web-based mapping server, developed by the University of Minnesota.
Spatial Database Management Systems
- PostGIS – Spatial extensions for the open source PostgreSQL database, allowing geospatial queries.
- H2Spatial for H2_(DBMS)
- SpatialLite for SQLite
- MySQL Spatial
- TerraLib is more than a spatial DBMS as it provides also advanced functions for GIS analysis.
- GeoAlchemy It provides support for Geospatial data types at the ORM layer using SQLAlchemy. It aims to support spatial operations and relations specified by the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC)
Software Development Frameworks and Libraries (non-web)
- GeoTools – Open source GIS toolkit written in Java, using Open Geospatial Consortium specifications
- GDAL / OGR
Software Development Frameworks and Libraries (for web applications)
- MapFish A web 2.0 mapping development framework.
- OpenLayers – open source AJAX library for accessing geographic data layers of all kinds, originally developed and sponsored by MetaCarta
- Geomajas – Open source web toolkit with full vectorial and attribute editing capabilities and support for complex relation models (1 to n, n to 1, inheritance, ...). Built on top of the Dojo AJAX framework
- GeoDjango a set of extensions to Django, an open source web content framework, allowing for easy portrayal of geospatial data inside a web portal
Cataloging application for spatially referenced resources
- GeoNetwork opensource – A catalog application to manage spatially referenced resources
Other GIS tools - unclassified
- FIST – FIST (Flexible Internet Spatial Template) is a MapServer/PHP framework with several advanced functions, optionally use PostGIS in the backend so your users can edit and save shapes and attributes
- Chameleon – Environments for building applications with MapServer
- MapPoint, a technology ("MapPoint Web Service," previously known as MapPoint .NET) and a specific software program created by Microsoft that allows users to view, edit and integrate maps.
- Xastir A special purpose Open Source GIS application used as an APRS client by Amateur radio operators, written in C for X Window environments
- Gisgraphy Gisgraphy is a free and open source framework that provides full-text and find nearby places search services, for places on earth from several databases (geonames, openstreet map)
Notable commercial or proprietary GIS software
Desktop GIS provider
Note: Almost all of the below companies offer Desktop GIS and WebMap Server products. Some offer Spatial DBMS products as well. ToDo: rewrite, so that not products are mentioned but the product user groups i.e. application fields
- Autodesk – Products include Map 3D, Topobase, MapGuide and other products that interface with its flagship AutoCAD software package
- Bentley Systems – Products include Bentley Map, Bentley PowerMap and other products that interface with its flagship MicroStation software package
- Intergraph – Products include GeoMedia, GeoMedia Professional, GeoMedia WebMap, and add-on products for industry sectors, as well as photogrammetry
- ERDAS – Products encompassing GIS, Photogrammetry, and Remote Sensing
- ESRI – Products include ArcView 3.x, ArcGIS, ArcSDE, ArcIMS, and ArcWeb services
- ENVI by ITT, http://www.itt.com. Utilized for image analysis, exploitation, and hyperspectral analysis
- MapInfo by Pitney Bowes – Products include MapInfo Professional and MapXtreme. integrates GIS software, data and services
- Manifold System – GIS software package
- Smallworld – developed in Cambridge, England (Smallworld, Inc.) and purchased by General Electric and used primarily by public utilities
- Cadcorp – Products include Cadcorp SIS (desktop), GeognoSIS (web), mSIS (mobile) and developer kits
- Caliper – Products include Maptitude, TransCAD and TransModeler. Develops GIS and the only GIS for transportation
- GeoConcept – Products include GeoMap 3D, Topobase, GC Standard, GC eterprise, Sales & Marketing, routing, Geo optimisation, Geo Server and other products that interface with all CRM and ERPs
- IDRISI – Proprietary GIS product developed by Clark Labs
- TatukGIS – Producer of the TatukGIS Developer Kernel (SDK), GIS Internet Server, GIS Editor, and free GIS Viewer software products
- SPACEYES: Editor of the SpacEyes3D line of products allowing the visualization in 3D of cartographic data (SpacEyes3D Buider, SpacEyes3D Server, SpacEyes3D Viewer)
- SuperGeo – Products include SuperGIS Desktop, SuperPad Suite, SuperWebGIS, SuperGIS Engine, SuperGIS Mobile Engineg, SuperGIS Image Server, SuperGIS Server and other desktop extension products for various domains
Specialized Desktop GIS Providers
- Elshayal Smart— The First Arabian Geographic Information System (GIS) Software
- Axpand by Axes Systems - a software that includes automated generalization functions for cartographic production
- Clarity by 1Spatial - a software that includes automated generalization functions for cartographic production
- SavGIS : a free (but proprietary) and Desktop GIS available in 3 languages (English, French, Spanish) for Windows (XP, Vista), developed since 1984 by the Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, a French public research institute ;
- [VISION MapMaker]— A GIS widely used by State and National governments in India.
- Site Recorder— The GIS for maritime archaeology
- Boeing's Spatial Query Server (Official Site) spatially enables Sybase ASE
- Oracle Spatial – Product allows users to perform basic geographic operations and store common spatial data types in a native Oracle environment
- ESRI – ArcSDE
- IBM DB/2
- SQL Server 2008
Spatial ETL Tools
- Safe Software – Spatial ETL products including FME Desktop, FME Server and the ArcGIS Data Interoperability Extension
- Geokettle – Spatial ETL product still in development
- Spatial Data Integrator (SDI) – Spatial ETL product including Open Talend Studio
Other GIS software providers
- (to be filled with proposal from discussion page)
- "GIS Software - A description in 1000 words", S. Steiniger and R. Weibel
- "Open Source GIS History - OSGeo Wiki Editors". http://wiki.osgeo.org/wiki/Open_Source_GIS_History. Retrieved 2009-Mar-21.
- "An Overview on Current Free and Open Source Desktop GIS Developments - Steiniger and Bocher". http://www.spatialserver.net/osgis. Retrieved 2008-Aug-25.